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Receive Idle Alerts

Live Tracking API can be used to get real time alerts based on asset movement and activity. In this example we will present a step by step guide of how to receive events on a configured webhook, when an asset is idle or not moving as desired.

Get Started

Readers would need a valid NextBillion API key to try this example out. If you don’t have one, please contact us to get your API key now!

Setup

Once you have a valid API Key, you can start setting up the components to be used in this example. Let’s take a look at them below.

Step 1: Create Asset

Having received a valid key, let’s kick start the setup process by creating an asset whose activity we want to track. To create an asset, we will

  • Give a meaningful name to asset

  • Add the attributes of the asset that will be used to associate the asset to a monitor

  • Though we are not specifying any custom ID in this example, but user’s can provide a custom ID to the asset, if preferred.

Following is the Asset JSON that is used for this example:

1curl --location 'https://api.nextbillion.io/skynet/asset?key=<your_api_key>' \
2--header 'Content-Type: application/json' \
3--data '{
4 "name": "Staff Transportation 002",
5 "description": "Live Tracking Idle Event Example",
6 "attributes": {
7 "driver_contact_no": "422-761-938",
8 "driver_name": "John Blake",
9 "license": "2 BR 2049",
10 "vehicle_type": "Pickup"
11 }
12}'

As soon as the asset is created, we get the asset ID in the acknowledgement response. Please record this ID. For our example, the asset ID is:

1{
2"status": "Ok",
3"data": {
4"id": "a39f8299-e19a-4484-9775-be8ae40f75c9"
5}
6}

Step 2: Bind a device to the Asset

Next step is to bind a GPS device to the asset which can upload the location and other information for the asset. Please note that the same device can be used for multiple assets, but one asset can be attached to only one device at a time.

1curl --location 'https://api.nextbillion.io/skynet/asset/a39f8299-e19a-4484-9775-be8ae40f75c9/bind?key=<your_api_key>' \
2--header 'Content-Type: application/json' \
3--data '{
4 "device_id":"ADR-10-SND-SAM031"
5}'

As soon as the binding process is successful, we get an acknowledgement response from the API:

1{
2"status": "Ok"
3}

Step 3: Define the Idle configurations

Idle configurations involve setting of distance and time thresholds to determine if the vehicle is idle or not. Instead of waiting for the asset to hit 0 speed, Live Tracking API gives users the flexibility to set their own criteria of determining an idle state. The Live Tracking API then uses the GPS information received from the asset to check if it covered a set distance in a set amount of time. An idle event is created if this criteria fails.

The rules for idle state are set using two attributes - time_tolerance and distance_tolerance. time_tolerance is the time for which the monitor will track the distance covered by the asset. If the distance covered during time_tolerance is less than the distance_tolerance then an idle event is created. Please note that the event is created when time elapsed is more than time_tolerance while distance is less than distance_tolerance.

For our example, we set the time_tolerance value as 10000 milliseconds (i.e. 10 sec) and distance_tolerance of 30 meters. For practical purposes, readers are advised to consider the area in which the asset is operating, nature of the tasks that the asset is carrying out, and typical traffic conditions or desired average speeds for the asset to arrive at appropriate tolerance values. It would ensure true idle states to be captured. If the tolerance values are randomly set, then it might result in many false idle states.

Following is the idle_config object that we use:

1"idle_config":{
2"distance_tolerance": 30,
3"time_tolerance": 10000
4}

Step 4: Create a Monitor

Now that we have an asset and the “idle” configurations, let’s set up a monitoring criteria using a monitor. To create a monitor, we need to:

  • Specify the type of activity that we want to track. Since we want to track idle events of the asset, we set this value to idle.

  • Specify the idle_config attributes to model the configurations decided in the Step 3 above. This configuration will be used by the monitor to identify instances of idle activity.

  • Ensure that asset is successfully linked with monitor. It is worth noting that only those assets which share all of their attributes with a monitor are linked with it. For our example, we add the same attributes for the monitor as that of the asset for the sake of simplicity.

  • Optionally, add name and description for the monitor.

Below is the JSON we built for creating the monitor:

1curl --location 'https://api.nextbillion.io/skynet/monitor?key=<your_api_key>' \
2--header 'Content-Type: application/json' \
3--data '{
4"type": "idle",
5"idle_config":{
6 "distance_tolerance": 30,
7 "time_tolerance": 10000
8 },
9"name": "Pickup Monitor The Ritz Hotel, Los Angeles",
10"description": "Track idle activity of the pickup vehicle",
11"match_filter":{
12"include_all_of_attributes":{
13 "driver_contact_no": "422-761-938",
14 "driver_name": "John Blake",
15 "license": "2 BR 2049",
16 "vehicle_type": "Pickup"
17 }
18}

Please record the monitor ID from the API response:

1{
2"status": "Ok",
3"data": {
4"id": "1d1b20f1-5f33-4a37-833d-119898b18ff9"
5}
6}

Now that our asset and monitoring set up is done, we move to the next part that deals with capturing the events once they are created. Live Tracking API uses webhooks to share the event information. Let’s see how to configure a webhook.

Step 5: Configure a Webhooks

Readers should obtain a webhook URL from their application where they want to receive the information of events created. In our example, we are using a webhook URL provided by a messenger. Using this webhook results in the event information being sent to the messenger as a notification whenever an event is created.

Although we use a test webhook URL - "https://my-company/api/test_webhook" - in this tutorial to guide readers through the process, we recommend using an actual webhook URL while trying this tutorial.

Once we obtain a valid webhook URL, we register it with our Live Tracking API using the Add or Update Webhook Configuration method.

1curl --location --request PUT 'https://api.nextbillion.io/skynet/config?key=<your_api_key>' \
2--header 'Content-Type: application/json' \
3--data '{ "webhook":[""https://my-company/api/test_webhook""] }'

The registration is acknowledged with an Ok response from the API.

Step 6: Test the webhook

In order to make sure that our webhook is correctly configured and is ready to receive the event information, let’s test it out. We will send a test request using our Test Webhook Configuration method and check if a sample event was received on the webhook or not.

1Test request: curl --location --request POST 'https://api.nextbillion.io/skynet/config/testwebhook?key=<your_api_key>'

Upon sending the above request we received the following sample event on the registered webhook:

1Asset f1ceb76d-2665-4f72-bc56-aae91c4953e3 Trigger enter event at 2022-09-08 09:31:19
2 Data: {
3"asset_id":"f1ceb76d-2665-4f72-bc56-aae91c4953e3",
4"geofence_id":"350706bf-cc3b-4e74-a66c-c7f050944c47",
5"monitor_id":"8a8ecd4b-f8b2-49ed-8097-b114ce53e4db",
6"monitor_tags":["america","newyork"],
7"event_type":"enter",
8"timestamp":1662629479859,
9"triggered_timestamp":1662629479810,
10"triggered_location":{
11"location":
12{"lat":40.7128,
13"lon":-74.0059},
14"timestamp":1662629479859,
15"accuracy":20,
16"speed":80,
17"bearing":90,
18"altitude":100

Create Idle Event

Now that setup is done, let’s start uploading the locations for the asset’s movement. We will upload a series of locations and deliberately trigger 2 idle events by keeping the distance traveled less than the distance tolerance value. In a practical scenario, however, these updates would be automatically sent by the GPS device that is bound to the given asset.

To better explain how the idle event work, here is a list of sample locations and their attributes:


LocationDistance from last tracked locationTime elapsed after receiving last tracking informationIdle alert created?
Location 1
Location 220m11secYes
Location 350m11secNo
Location 410m11secYes
Location 5110m11secNo
Location 620m10secNo

Before we analyze the above data, remember we configured time_tolerance at 10000 milliseconds (10 seconds) and distance_tolerance at 30 meters as idle state configurations in our monitor. Looking at the above table we can observe that, for locations 2 and 4, the events were created as the time elapsed was greater than 10 seconds while the distance traveled was less than 30m. However, do note that an event was not created for location 6 even though the distance traveled is 20m only. This is because the time elapsed since receiving last track information is only 10 seconds, which is not greater than time_tolerance.

The above track distribution when modeled into an upload JSON, results in below script:

1curl --location 'https://api.nextbillion.io/skynet/asset/a39f8299-e19a-4484-9775-be8ae40f75c9/track?key=<your_api_key>' \
2--header 'Content-Type: application/json' \
3--data '{
4 "locations":[
5 {
6 "location":{
7 "lat": 34.01110219,
8 "lon": -118.30892106
9 },
10 "timestamp":1694930360000,
11 "accuracy":2,
12 "speed":5,
13 "bearing":25,
14 "altitude":110.5,
15 "meta_data":{
16 "test": "location 1"
17 }
18 },

As soon as the above locations are uploaded, the idle criteria of the monitor is satisfied for a couple of locations (location 2 and location 4) and the following events are received on our configured webhook.

First Idle Event payload

1Asset a39f8299-e19a-4484-9775-be8ae40f75c9 Trigger idle event at 2023-09-17 05:59:31 Data:{
2"asset_id":"a39f8299-e19a-4484-9775-be8ae40f75c9",
3"geofence_id":"",
4"monitor_id":"1d1b20f1-5f33-4a37-833d-119898b18ff9",
5"monitor_tags":[],
6"event_type":"idle",
7"timestamp":1694930371000,
8"triggered_timestamp":1694930371000,
9"triggered_location":
10{"location":
11{"lat":34.01091081,
12"lon":-118.30891733},
13"timestamp":1694930371000,
14"accuracy":1,
15"speed":8,
16"bearing":25,
17"altitude":110.5,
18"meta_data":

Second Idle Event payload

1Asset a39f8299-e19a-4484-9775-be8ae40f75c9 Trigger idle event at 2023-09-17 05:59:53 Data:{
2"asset_id":"a39f8299-e19a-4484-9775-be8ae40f75c9",
3"geofence_id":"",
4"monitor_id":"1d1b20f1-5f33-4a37-833d-119898b18ff9",
5"monitor_tags":[],
6"event_type":"idle",
7"timestamp":1694930393001,
8"triggered_timestamp":1694930393000,
9"triggered_location":
10{"location":
11{"lat":34.01085397,
12"lon":-118.30833917},
13"timestamp":1694930393000,
14"accuracy":7,
15"speed":12,
16"bearing":25,
17"altitude":100.5,
18"meta_data":